S.Y.LIAW1, K.D.RUSLI1, LISA MCKENNA2, K.J.Z. TAN1, S.T.LAU1
National University of Singapore1, La Trobe University2
Collaboration between academic institution and clinical practice is important to support preceptors’ role in clinical education. However, as a result of COVID-19 pandemic, cross institutions in-person activities were no longer feasible. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an online preceptor programme on preceptors’ knowledge and self-efficacy in their roles to support students for their clinical learning and assessment.
A mixed methods approach, using a quasi-experimental study and focus group discussions, was conducted. Fifity-nine nurse preceptors from six healthcare institutions undertook the remote online preceptor programme using web-based instruction and telesimulation. Pre- and post-tests were administered to evaluate the preceptors’ knowledge and self-efficiacy of their roles. Focus groups discussions were conducted to explore their learning experience.
After the online programme, preceptors’ knowledge and self-efficacy of their roles increased significantly (p < 0.001). Four themes emerged from their learning experience: “interactive learning approach”, “academic-practice collaboration”, better understanding of clinical assessment tool” and “application of teaching strategies”.
Using a mix of web-based technologies that combined web-based instruction and telesimulation to provide preceptors with self-directed and experiential learning approaches, the study demonstrated effectiveness and feasibility of the online preceptor programme to enhance preceptors’ roles in supporting nursing student’s clinical learning and assessment. The telesimulation offered unique opportunity for academic-practice collaboration, enabling preceptors to collaborate with academic educators through joint teaching and assessment. The professional development of nurse preceptors is paramount as they play pivotal role in ensuring the work readiness of future graduate nurses on entering the nursing workforce.