J.H.LAU1, A.P.V.NAIR1, E.ABDIN1, R.KUMARASAN1, P.Z.WANG1, F.DEVI1, C.F.SUM2, E.S.LEE3, R.M.VAN DAM4, M.SUBRAMANIAM1
Institute of Mental Health1, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital2, NHG Polyclinics3, National University of Singapore4
Diabetes is a major public health concern, and research has suggested that awareness campaigns are effective approaches to reduce the prevalence of diabetes. It is imperative to identify where the general population obtains information on diabetes to aid in the dissemination of information.
2895 respondents were part of a population-based cross-sectional study evaluating Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards diabetes in Singapore. Respondents rated on a five-point scale whether they had obtained information on diabetes from eight different information sources, and responses were dichotomized into “endorsed” or “not endorsed”. Logistic regression models with endorsement of each source as the outcome and sociodemographic variables entered as predictors were conducted. Linear regression was conducted to examine sociodemographic correlates of the number of information sources endorsed.
95.9% of the study population received information on diabetes from at least one source of information, and the mean number of sources was 4.2±2.0. The leading source was media articles (82.1%), followed by health promotion videos/advertisements (77.9%), online website (58.5%), books (56.5%), healthcare professionals (55.0%), radio (54.4%), public forum (27.7%), and support group (15.5%). Age, gender, ethnicity, education, and employment were associated with endorsement across different sources. Endorsing a greater number was associated with being older, having Malay or Indian ethnicity, and having diabetes, while endorsing fewer was associated with a lower education and being male.
Campaigns aimed at disseminating information on diabetes should be aware of information sources within the population and consider increased engagement for males and those with lower education levels.